A person intent on serious practice of Buddhism is not content with mere intellectual understanding of the teaching and will wish to experience and realize the teaching. This can only be done by practising awareness and meditation, which goes beyond intellectual analysis and understanding.

Bhavana, the Pali word for developing the heart is translated as meditation but has a much wider meaning than spending some time in formal concentration. Practicing awareness means extending awareness so that all actions, thoughts and words are performed with increasing concentration/absorption and consciousness. It applies to bodily actions, feelings, mental states and activities and to the teaching.

Meditation involves the formal training of the mind, concentration and the development of insight. It is generally accepted that some personal guidance is needed in meditation. The aim is to empty and transform the mind/heart and to
develop awareness, energy and tranquillity leading to realizing the truth or Nibbana.

Mental Development
Peter Della Santina

Meditation: The Heart of Buddhism
Ajahn Brahmavamso

The Basic Method of Meditation
Ajahn Brahmavamso

The Four Foundations of Mindfulness Meditation
Trungpa Rinpoche

Mindfulness With Breathing: Getting Started
Buddhadasa Bhikkhu

Essential Advice on Meditation
Sogyal Rinpoche

Walking Meditation
Bibliography, Links, Resources


Practical Vipassana
What is missing in focusing total attention to one single object all the time is wisdom. Your total attention should be coupled with wise attention.
Bhante Gunaratana

Anapana Sati: Meditation on Breathing
Ven. Mahathera Nauyane Ariyadhamma).

Art of Living: Vipassana Meditation
S.N. Goenka

See Ashoka's online course Zen Meditation: Entering the Path, for an in-depth introduction to the Zen meditation.

See Ashoka's online course Turning the Mind Into an Ally for an in-depth introduction to taming the mind withShamatha meditation.